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Feature Article

Diabetes complications: prevention and screening

Shanal Kumar, Peter Colman

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Abstract

Prevention of diabetes complications is a major aim of diabetes management and can be achieved by identification and management of people with prediabetes, early intensification of treatment to achieve optimal glycaemic control, lifestyle modifications, and regular screening for complications and their management.

Key Points

  • Diabetes complications are an important cause of morbidity, mortality and economic burden.
  • Prevention of diabetes complications is multifactorial, including lifestyle modification, optimisation of glycaemic control, and treatment of associated cardiovascular risk factors and depression.
  • The treatment algorithm for managing people with type 2 diabetes is rapidly evolving and involves early intensification of diabetes treatment regimens and use of agents that offer weight loss or neutrality in overweight and obese patients.
  • Smart technology and lifestyle digital apps are being increasingly used to motivate, support and optimise management of people with diabetes.

    Picture credit: © KO Studios

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