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Feature Article

Type 2 diabetes. Assessing and optimising medication adherence

Ines Krass, Kevin Mc Namara

Figures

© julian claxton/medical images models used for illustrative purposes only
© julian claxton/medical images models used for illustrative purposes only

Abstract

Increased rates of obesity, sedentary lifestyles and an ageing population have all contributed to the significant increase in the number of people with type 2 diabetes in Australia.

Key Points

  • Nonadherence to medication contributes to poorer outcomes in patients with diabetes.
  • About one in three patients with diabetes do not take their medication as prescribed.
  • Factors contributing to medication adherence that are amenable to influence by a healthcare professional fall into three broad categories: patient related, medical/treatment related or related to the process of health care.
  • Each consultation or encounter is an opportunity for the GP to review how the patient has been managing and taking their medication.
  • GPs can assist patients to optimise their medication by adopting a stepwise approach identifying that a patient is not using their medication, exploring the reasons for this and implementing targeted strategies to address underlying barriers.

Figures

© julian claxton/medical images models used for illustrative purposes only
© julian claxton/medical images models used for illustrative purposes only