Perspectives

Infection in people with diabetes: what might be avoided?

Stephen D. Guy

Figures

© CRAIG ZUCKERMAN, VISUALS UNLIMITED/SPL
© CRAIG ZUCKERMAN, VISUALS UNLIMITED/SPL

Abstract

Infection with bacterial, viral and fungal pathogens occurs more frequently in people with diabetes, and for some infections poorer outcomes may occur. Several opportunities exist, both directly and indirectly related to diabetes care, that may be useful for reducing infections in people with diabetes.

Key Points

  • Several different infections occur more frequently in people with diabetes and may have worse outcomes.
  • Effective management of diabetes, including both acute and chronic glycaemia, may reduce risk of infections.
  • Vaccination is a safe and effective way of preventing some infections, especially influenza and pneumococcal infections.
  • Foot care and engaging podiatrists is important in preventing ulceration and infection in the diabetic foot.

Figures

© CRAIG ZUCKERMAN, VISUALS UNLIMITED/SPL
© CRAIG ZUCKERMAN, VISUALS UNLIMITED/SPL